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Periodontal Deep Cleaning El Cajon, CA
Root Planning & Scaling
The initial stage of treatment for periodontal disease (also known as gum disease) usually involves a deep cleaning that may include root planing or scaling. These non-surgical procedures are designed to remove origination agents such as dental tartar, plaque, or calculus– which cause gingival disease or inflammation. Root planing and scaling can be used as a preventative measure or standalone treatment. These deep cleaning procedures are typically performed on cases of gingivitis or moderate to severe periodontal disease.
What do the procedures entail?
Dr. George C. Jared DDS will only perform root planing and scaling after a thorough examination of the mouth has been completed, which may include visually examining the mouth and taking x-rays. Depending on the amount of tartar present, the depth of the pockets, condition of the gums, and the progression of periodontitis, Dr. Jared and the experts at East County Family Dental Center may recommend deep cleaning by root planing and scaling. A local anesthesia may be used during the procedure in some cases.
Root planing is performed in order to remove the surface dentin and cementum that is embedded with unwanted tartar, toxins, and microorganisms. During the procedure the root of the tooth is literally smoothed in order to prevent bacteria from colonizing and heal the infected area.
During the scaling part of deep cleaning, the plaque and calculus that attaches itself to the tooth surfaces is removed. The process mainly targets the area which is below the gum line and along the root. A special dental tool called an ultrasonic scaling tool is used. This tool is used to reduce oral bacteria and typically includes an irrigation process that can be used to deliver an antimicrobial agent below the gums.
Irrigation with antimicrobials (chemical agents or mouth rinses) or antibiotics may be recommended by a dental professional to curb the spread of bacteria that cause periodontitis and create toxins. Dr. Jared and the experts at East County Family Dental Center may place antibiotic fibers in the gum pockets after planing and scaling. This may be done to encourage normal healing and control infection.
During the deep cleaning process, if deep pockets between gums and the teeth exist, it is difficult for Dr. Jared and his team of dental professionals to thoroughly remove tartar and plaque. Patients can seldom, if ever, keep these pockets completely free of plaque. Consequently, surgery may be needed to rehabilitate healthy gum health.
Benefits of Treatment
If the deep cleaning treatment is a success, planing and scaling may have a variety of periodontal benefits. The primary reason for deep cleaning is that it can help prevent disease from occuring. Years of research has proven that bacteria and plaque buildup from periodontal or gum infections can spread through the bloodstream and affect other areas of the body. Sometimes causing respiratory and heart diseases. The deep cleaning process removes the bacteria that cause these conditions.
Another advantage of the deep cleaning process is that it protects against tooth loss. At the point the gum pockets exceed 3mm in depth, the risk for gum disease increases. Once the pockets deepen, more bacteria are able to accumulate, which eventually causes a chronic inflammatory response by the body to destroy bone and gingival tissue. This leads to tooth loss.
Last but not least, the deep cleaning process will make the mouth more aesthetically pleasing, and should reduce the bad breath caused from bacteria and food particles in the oral cavity. Superficial stains on the teeth will be expunged during planing and scaling, creating a beautiful smile.